Bian Que Memorial Hall in Xi’an

Bian Que Memorial Hall

The Bian Que Memorial Hall is located in Lintong District, Xi’an City, covering an area of 35 mu. There are seven or eight collection scenic spots, such as Bian Que hall and Bian Que tomb. There are a large number of classical Chinese medicine equipment displayed in the museum, such as acupuncture bronze man, modern medicine roller and so on. There are also ancient Chinese medicine books for free reference for people, which comprehensively reflects the long history and profound history of Chinese medicine culture. During the exhibition, there are Chinese medicine utensils, medical classics and rare Chinese medicine in the development process of traditional Chinese medicine since the primitive society. The most eye-catching thing for the audience is the “Millennium Taisui” meat Ganoderma. The museum is the largest Chinese medical history museum in China.

Introduction of Bian Que Memorial Hall

Bien Chue

Bien Chue (Bian Que 407-310 BC) is an ancient Chinese doctor who possessed high moral qualities, which people called a wonderful doctor. He founded four methods of diagnosis: inspection, listening, and research of smells, questioning, and palpation. Prepared a theoretical and practical basis for clinical diagnosis and treatment in Chinese medicine. He treated diseases of internal organs, was engaged in surgery, gynecology, pediatrics, Otorhinolaryngology. In clinical practice, he used acupuncture with stones and needles, massage, herbal decoctions, heating pads and other methods for treatment.

Bian Que Temple

Bian Que Temple was built ominously in the Han and Tang Dynasties. It has been repaired in successive dynasties. Among them, Bian Que Temple, Bian Que Tomb, Tou Ling Stele, Huisheng Bridge, Jiulongbai, Ancient Stele Gallery, Sanqing Palace and Han Dynasty are magnificent and magnificent, which are the eight landscapes of Bian Que Temple and have rich historical and cultural connotations. The ancient cypress in the temple is towering, the buildings are scattered, and the tablets are lined up. It is an important material for studying the traditional Chinese medicine culture of Bian Que and the history of Chinese medicine development. Bian Que Temple echoes and merges with Que Mountain. Its cultural accumulation is deep, leaving many popular legends.

Bian Que’s Tomb

Bian Que’s tomb is located at the foot of magpie Shanxi in Beijiao, Ji’nan. There is a statue of Bian Que in front of the tomb. The base of the statue is one meter high. The words “Bian Que” are written in front of the statue, and the scene of Bian Que treating patients and preparing herbs is carved in the back. Beside the tomb is the newly built stone tablet of Bian Que’s tomb in 1995.

It is situated in a courtyard under the hill, the cemetery is not large, has been protected by cement lining, the top of the tomb is clumped with vegetation, flowers blooming, birds singing. In front of the tomb stood two stone tablets, one with blurred handwriting, inscribed with the words “February 18, the eighteenth year of Qianlong” and one inscribed with the words “the second batch of key cultural relics protection units in Jinan City”.

Main Highlights

At the Western foot of Que Shan in the northern suburbs of Jinan, there is a tomb of Bian Que. The stone tablet before the tomb is “the Tomb of Luyi Bian Que in the Spring and Autumn Period” and the word “the Tomb of Bian Que in the eighteenth year of Qianlong in the Qing Dynasty” (1753). 

Magpie Mountain is one of the “nine points of Qiyan” in Jinan. It appeared in the poems of Li Bai, a great poet of Tang Dynasty, who accompanied his ancestor, Jinan Taishou Panmagpie Mountain Lake. It also appeared in Zhao Mengfu, a calligrapher and painter of Yuan Dynasty. The name of magpie mountain is from Bian Que, a doctor of God. According to legend, Bian Que used to make alcoholic drugs on the mountain and was buried at the foot of the mountain after his death. Therefore, the mountain was marked by people and changed to Magpie Mountain. The legend of Bian Que buried in magpie hill has been over two thousand years. Since it is said that he was a native of Luyi, the state of Qi (now Changqing in Shandong Province), naturally the people of his hometown hoped that the leaves would fall to their roots and their souls would return to their hometown.

How to Get There

Take the long-distance bus from Xi’an to Terra Cotta Warriors, and then transfer to the bus from Nanchen village.

Nearby Attractions

Edited by  Lynette Fu/付云锐