Emperor Qinshihuang’s Mausoleum Site Museum in Xian
Emperor Qinshihuang's Mausoleum Site Museum Facts
The Museum of Qin Terracotta Warriors and Horses, also known as the Terracotta Army, is located about 1.5 kilometers east of the Mausoleum of the First Qin Emperor and forms part of the extensive necropolis. There were more than a thousand terracotta soldiers unearthed here, each with a different facial expression. Standing before the massive underground army, you will feel the extraordinary might of the Qin Emperor that enabled him to unify six warring states two thousand years ago.
Chinese Name: 秦始皇兵马俑博物馆
Type: Culture & Museums; Imperial Mausoleum
Address: North Qinling Road, Lintong district, Xi'an, Shaanxi province
Best Seasons: All year round
Recommended Visiting Time: about 3 hours
Opening Hours: March 16 to November 15: 08:30-18:00 (Ticket selling stops at 17:00.)
November 16 to next March 15: 08:30-17:30 (Ticket selling stops at 16:30.)
Ticket: CNY 120
Why is Emperor Qinshihuang’s Mausoleum Site Museum So Special？
- Terracotta warriors and horses of the Emperor Qinshihuang, is a world cultural heritage, one of the eight wonders of the world, AAAAA national tourist attractions, national key cultural relics protection units.
- Based on the terracotta warriors and horses of the first emperor of Qin, the museum is a kind of relic museum established on the original site of terracotta warriors and horses pit. It is also the largest ancient military museum in China.
- Qinshihuang was a great emperor. Standing before the massive underground army, you will feel the extraordinary might of the Qin Emperor that enabled him to unify six warring states two thousand years ago.
Introduction of Emperor Qinshihuang’s Mausoleum Site Museum
Emperor Qinshihuang’s Mausoleum Site Museum was built based on the Mausoleum of Emperor Qin Shi Huang, which was historically known as Lishan Garden and is the largest imperial tomb in China with the richest buried objects.
Located at the northern foot of Lishan Mountain, 35 kilometers northeast of Xi’an, Shaanxi Province, Qinshihuang Mausoleum is the tomb of Emperor Qinshihuang, founder of the first unified empire in Chinese history during the 3rd century BCE. Begun in 246 BCE the grave mound survives to a height of 51.3 meters within a rectangular, double-walled enclosure oriented north-south. Nearly 200 accompanying pits containing thousands of life-size terra cotta soldiers, terra cotta horses and bronze chariots and weapons – a world-renowned discovery – together with burial tombs and architectural remains total over 600 sites within the property area of 56.25 square kilometers. According to the historian Sima Qian (c. 145-95 BCE), workers from every province of the Empire toiled unceasingly until the death of the Emperor in 210 in order to construct a subterranean city within a gigantic mound.
Qin Shi Huang ( 秦始皇); 18 February 259 BC – 10 September 210 BC) was the founder of the Qin dynasty and was the first emperor of a unified China. He was born Ying Zheng (嬴政) or Zhao Zheng (趙政), a prince of the state of Qin. He became Zheng, the King of Qin (秦王政) when he was thirteen, then China’s first emperor when he was 38 after the Qin had conquered all of the other Warring States and unified all of China in 221 BC. Rather than maintain the title of “king” (王) borne by the previous Shang and Zhou rulers, he ruled as the First Emperor (始皇帝) of the Qin dynasty from 221 BC to 210 BC. His self-invented title “emperor” (皇帝), as indicated by his use of the word “First”, would continue to be borne by Chinese rulers for the next two millennia.
History of Emperor Qinshihuang’s Mausoleum Site Museum
Buried deep under a hill in central China, surrounded by an underground moat, an emperor has lain undisturbed for more than two millennia. He is China’s first emperor, Qin Shi Huang, who died in 210 B.C. after conquering six warring states to create the first unified nation of China. Wanting protection in the afterlife, Emperor Qin created an army of 8,000 soldiers, 130 chariots with 520 horses, and 150 cavalry horses made of terracotta.
In 1974, some farmers happened to dig up what turned out to be a large-scale pit with terracotta soldiers and horses, belonging to the Emperor Qin. After 2,200 years, the Emperor’s tremendous army stood as though living again. The life-size terracotta solider they dug out of the ground turned out to be just one of an army of thousands, each utterly unique, with individual clothing, hair and facial features.
Best Time to Go to Emperor Qinshihuang’s Mausoleum Site
All year round. The peak season of traveling to Xi’an is in the spring and autumn. In summer the temperature is high with strong ultraviolet ray. It is easy to cause heat stroke under the blazing sun for quite a long time in outdoor, and sometimes it will rain, so tourists should watch the weather forecast in advance before visiting. What’s more, tourists need to put on sunscreen and try to avoid ultraviolet rays during the day time travel; Winter temperature is low, the wind is piercingly cold, only suitable for indoor attractions visiting.
Main Attractions of Qinshihuang’s Mausoleum Site Museum
Museum of Terra-cotta Warriors and Horses
As a part of Emperor Qinshihuang’s Mausoleum Site Museum, the Museum of Terra-cotta Warriors and Horses is located 37 km (23 mi) east of Xi’an city. The pits of terra-cotta warriors and horses first discovered in 1974 were one of the biggest contemporary archeological discoveries. With large scale, great quantity, unsurpassed technique and artistic value, the museum has brightened every visitor’s eye since its opening. Every year, millions of visitors come here, including many heads of foreign states and governments. It is the most well-known name card of Xi’an City and the first temptation for visitors to enjoy in this city.
Qin Shi Huang’s Mausoleum Site Park (Lishan Garden)
With an area of 226 hectares (about 558 acres), this site park of Emperor Qinshihuang’s Mausoleum Site Museum was opened to the public on October 1, 2010. It contains the tumulus of Qin Shi Huang Mausoleum, major architectural sites that have been discovered, ritual sacrifice pits, the Museum of Terracotta Acrobatics, Museum of Terracotta Civil Officials, Museum of Stone Armor and Museum of Bronze Chariot and Horse.
The site park means to protect the relics to the greatest extent as it laid over the past two thousand years. The archeologists have discovered the inner and outer wall of Qin Shi Huang’s tomb. Mausoleum Site ParkThe site is sealed by earth and the walls are marked on the ground by evergreen plants. Similar measures will be applied to other sites that have been discovered. The pit of Terracotta Civil Officials was first discovered in early 2000 in the southwest corner of the tumulus. Unlike other pits, this one wasn’t burnt. A small fraction of artifacts were excavated, including terra-cotta warriors, wooden chariot, weapons and horse skeletons.
The underground palace is the core of Qin Shi Huang s mausoleum. To answer the public concern if the underground palace would be opened, the curator of the site park once expressed his principles, protection and respect. Leave that exactly as it is, now and in the future, as we all hope there is one day that people can use advanced technology to see the underground clearly without disturbing the endless sleeping soul.
How to get to Qinshihuang’s Mausoleum Site Museum
Travel with ChinaDragonTours (top recommended)
If you want to get out of the traffic and hassle of navigation, you can book a private tour package that includes visiting, dining and transfer from us. Our local guide and driver will escort you to the Emperor Qinshihuang’s Mausoleum Site Museum in Xi’an in the fastest and most convenient way and take care of all the details. You just have to focus on the visiting.
- Airport Bus: Lintong Bus Station
- Bus no. 266: West of Xi’an Railway Station
- Bus Tour 5 (no. 306): Bingmayong Station
- Bus no.914: Bingmayong Station
- Bus no.915: Bingmayong Station
Useful Travel Tips
- Tel: +86 29 81399127(ticket inquires), 81399047 (tour guide service), 81399170 (complaints)
CNY 120; free for children under 1.4 m (4.6 ft); children taller than 1.4m and under age 16 can enjoy half-price tickets; foreign students studying in China with valid student ID can enjoy half-price tickets.
The fare is for the Emperor Qinshihuang’s Mausoleum Site Museum Through Ticket including the Museum of Qin Terracotta Warriors and Horses, Lishan Garden and shuttle buses inside the scenic area.
Note: Foreigners’ passports will be required when booking tickets and entering the museum.
- There are some 30 tourist buses shuttling on the 1.5 km (1 mi) highway between the Museum of Terra-cotta Warriors and Horses of Qin Shi Huang and Lishan Garden and battery vehicles inside the garden. In the square north to the tumulus, a 15-minute dance show will help you back to the Qin Empire. The through ticket includes all the museums, sites, bus and car rides. The tumulus in the open air is not allowed to climb.
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