In the vast and splendid land of china, the Yangtze River likes a dragon rising in the west and ending in the east. And the Beijing-Jiulong Railway Line connects the north and south. At the convergence of two main traffic arteries, there situates a beautiful and historic city, Jiujiang, which has won the reputation of China Top Tourist City and Charming Chinese City.
- Chinese Name: 九江
- English IPA: /dʒuːdʒɪ'æŋ/
- Location: Located in Northern Jiangxi Province, China.
- Area: 704, 986 square kilometers
- Population: 4,873,300
- Language: Mandarin, Jiujiang dialect
- Minority: Han, Hui, She, Man, Mongolian, etc.
- Zip code: 332000
- Tel code: 0792
Jiujiang, located on the southern shores of the Yangtze River, is a prefecture-level city. It covers 704, 986 square kilometers. It has direct jurisdiction over 3 districts, 3 county-level cities and 7 counties. Read more about Jiujiang Administrative Division.
- 3 Districts: Xunyang District (浔阳区), Niangxi District (濂溪区), Chaisang District (柴桑区)
- 3 County-level Cities: Ruichang City (瑞昌市), Gongqingcheng City (共青城市), Mount Lushan City (庐山市)
- 7 Counties: Wuning County (武宁县), Xiushui County (修水县), Yongxiu County (永修县), De'an County (德安县), Duchang County (都昌县), Hukou County (湖口县), Pengze County (彭泽县)
It is almost located in the northern part of Jiangxi Province. Jiujiang stretches in longitude from 113°57′ E to 116°53′E and in latitude from 28°47′ to 30°06′ N. It is in the downstream area of Ganjiang River and Fuhe River. Also, it is bounded on the north by Huanggang City, Wuxue City, Huangmei County and Anqin City, on the west by Yueyang City, Xianning City and Huangshi City, on the south by Xinjian District and Yichun City, on the east by Shangrao City and Chizhou City. The longest distance from the north to south in Nanchang is 14, 000 kilometers and the longest distance from the east to the west here is 270, 000 kilometers.
Because of its location in subtropical zone and influenced by east Asian monsoon, Jiujiang belongs to subtropics monsoon climate with these characteristics: humid, hot as well as abundant in sunshine and rain. The frost-free period of Jiujiang is about 255 days, and the average of foggy day of Jiujiang is less than 16 days. Besides, the annual rainfall in Jiujiang is 1, 300-1, 600 millimeters, and more than 40% rainfall concentrates in the second quarter. Read more about Jiujiang Climate.
Best Time to Visit Jiujiang
In order to get more great experience of travelling Jiujiang, visitors would better visit Jiujiang in spring and autumn. The reason for this is that there is moderate temperature and great climate in spring and autumn. With great climate, visitors could get around the city and enjoy their trips. In summer, it is too hot to go outsides because visitors would get sweaty soon once they get out of the air-conditioned room. More significantly, due to its low temperature, it is not agreeable to visit Jiujiang in winter. However, visitors can visit Jiujiang at any time if they would like to Mount Lushan only because it boasts picturesque and unique scenery every season.
Things to Do in Jiujiang
There are a lot of things that visitors can do in Jiujiang. First of all, visitors can enjoy picturesque natural scenery in Mount Lushan National Park that creates special charms in different seasons: the fascinating spring; the refreshing summer; the brilliant autumn and the snowing winter. Second of all, visitors could experience unique and various cultures in Jiujiang because there are a lot of traditional villages in Jiujiang. More significantly, there are traditional cultures including traditional music and traditional fine art. Third of all, Jiujiang can provides visitors with its cultural charming. Visitors are able to know more about excellent celebrities in Chinese history, like Tao Yuanming. Besides, there is a famous school with a history more than 1, 000 years. Finally, visitors can drink in a bar where visitors can get different travelling experience form Chinese youths.
Jiujiang is a significant transportation hub since ancient times. Dependent on the Yangtze River and the Beijing-Kowloon Railway, it has well developed its land and water transportation routes. With the rapid development of transportation, Nanchang has get connected with more cities, including Jiujiang, Shangrao, Xinyu, Nanjing, Anqing, Yueyang, etc. Read more about Jiujiang Transportation.
Jiujiang is a city where nine rivers converged, thus making it become main water port of Jiangxi. It has a long history of more than two thousand years. During the Xia and the Shang dynasty, Jiujiang was a capital city of several states. In the Spring and Autumn Period (770-476 BC), Jiujiang was located between Wu and Chu. During the Qin dynasty, Jiujiang was known as Sin Yang. In the Liang dynasty (502-557) it was called Jiang Zhou. The Sui Dynasty named it as Jiujiang and the Song Dynasty (960-1127) renamed it as Ting Jiang. The Ming dynasty (1368–1644) gave it a name of Jiujiang which has been retained until now.
Due to its convenient location and picturesque scenery, a great number of celebrities were born here or liked visiting Jiujiang, including Tao Yuanming, Li Bai, Bai Juyi, Zhu Xi. Tao Yuanming (365-429 CE), a famous Chinese philosopher, lived in the base of Mount Lushan. He was once appointed as a magistrate of Pengze County. Having 83-day working, he retired and went back to his village and then wrote an essay called "Peach Blossom Spring". In 757, Li Bai (701-762), a prominent poet of China, was imprisoned at Jiujiang because of An-Shi disturbances (安史之乱). Bai Juyi (772-846) wrote a poem called "Lute Song", which is about his sadness and isolation of forced exile as a middle rank official to reside in such a small town. In the 13th century Zhu Xi, a Confucian philosopher, practiced at the White Deer Grotto Academy (白鹿洞书院).
Except traditional festivals, like Spring festival, Jiujiang boasts some unique festivals. Some of these festivals are related to Jiujiang’ s culture. Besides, some festivals had been developed due to its location and climate. It is these festivals that gather people together to enjoy themselves and celebrate festivals. Read more about Jiujiang Festival.
The economy of Jiujiang develops rapidly, thus it becomes one of the most potential cities in China. Since 1949, the government has paid much attention to the primary industry of Jiujiang because it is famous for the "hometown of fish and rice”. Due to its climate and topography, Jiujiang has developed to be the production base of grain, cotton and rape. With the development of the primary industry, the secondary industry has developed in last ten years. In 2017, there are more than 1, 000 companies settling in Jiujiang, thus leading to a great leap in the secondary industry. Besides, the service industry has developed very quickly, especially tourism. All scenic spots in Jiujiang attracted more than 161, 580, 600 domestic visitors and more than 428, 000 visitors from foreign countries in 2018, which increased the income of tourism greatly. In 2018, the city’s gross regional product (GDP) was 270, 019 billion yuan, with an increase of 11. 87% over the previous year. The primary industry’s added value was 19,251 billion yuan, with an increase of 4.4%. The secondary industry’s added value was 121, 325 billion yuan, with an increase of 8.4%. The added value of the three industries was 101, 787 billion yuan, with an increase of 10.7%.
Mountain Lushan, Yangtze River, Poyang Lake, and Xunyang Ancient Historic City make Jiujiang become an immense tour space featuring "One Lofty Mountain" and "Two Confluence Waters" that presents a special landscape in which the mountain is at the side of the city, the city is next to the river and the lake is in the city. Furthermore, Jiujiang also accumulates abundant, dense and splendid tour resources. Based on that, the tourism of Jiujiang has developed quickly. Now, Jiujiang boasts more than 120 scenic spots including 1 state-level scenic spot, 2 national nature reserves, 6 national forest parks, 4 state-level major cultural relic preservation sites, and 3 national key protective temples. Besides, there are more than eighty travel agencies in Jiujiang that receive millions of visitors from all over the world.