Dai Minority Garden in Jinghong, XishuangBanna
Chinese Name: 傣族园
Chinese Pinyin: Dai Zu Yuan
English Name: Dai Minority Garden/Dai Park
Keywords: Dai Minority Garden Tickets, Water-splash Festival, Dai Minority, Dai Ethnic, Dai Park
Type: ethnic culture, ethnic villages
Scenic Area: 3.36 square kilometers
Admission Fee: RMB 148, covering entrance ticket, coach, tour guide, performance, water-splashing
Opening Hours: 8:00~18:00
Recommended Visiting Hours: usually 3-4 hours
Location: Menghan County, Jinghong City, Yunnan Province
Dai Minority Garden(Dai Park)
Dai Minority Garden(傣族园)is in Ganlanba, which is located in the lower reaches of Lancang River, 40 kilometers from Jinghong City. In Dai language, it is called Menghan. There are hundreds of Dai households living in Ganlanba. Ganlanba is only 530 meters above sea level, being the lowest and hottest place in Xishuangbanna Dai Autonomous Prefecture. A local saying goes that ”if Xishuangbanna is a beautiful green peacock, Ganlanba is its tail and Dai Park is the most eye-catching feather of Ganlanba”.
Why is Dai Minority Garden so special?
There are 5 villages in Dai Minority Garden(Manjiang Village曼将、Manchunman Village曼春满、Manting Village曼听、Manzha Village曼乍、Manga Village曼嘎). Dai Minority Park is famed as a ”village of imperial garden” with two main Dai villages and three smaller villages. One is Garden Village called ”Man Song Man”. Another is Flower and Fruit Village, namely ”Man Ting”. No matter which village you enter, you will find classical Buddhist temples and traditional bamboo houses of Dai people. Coconut palms, areca trees, mango trees, pineapple trees and other tropical trees can be seen in every corner of the village. Bamboo houses are enchanting framed by green trees.
It also offers traditional Dai culture. If you want to visit the Dai village, you are adviced to select special festival time such as the “Water Festival” in mid April. You can see rich and lively tradition activities, singing, dancing, you will also gain understanding of the simple Dai characters through attending these activities. Participate earthly when join the Water Festival, the wetter you get, the happier and better luck you will be!
Where is Dai Minority Garden?
Dai Minority Garden is in Ganlanba. Ganlanba is located in the lower reaches of Lancang River, 40 kilometers from Jinghong City. In Dai language, it is called Menghan. There are hundreds of Dai households living in Ganlanba. Ganlanba is only 530 meters above sea level, being the lowest and hottest place in Xishuangbanna Dai Autonomous Prefecture.
How to Get to Dai Minority Garden?
By water: take ship at the pier of Jinghong and go down along the river to Ganlanba, 2-3 hours
By bus: there are many buses departuring from the bus station near the Shuyuan Hotel of Jinghong City, 8.5 yuan for ticket.
Main Attractions in Dai Park
● Yingbin Square(迎宾广场）
Yingbin Square is the place to give a Dai Ethnic welcome ceremony to tourist. They make us have a good impression of Dai Minority.
● Tasting Dai Food（品尝傣味）
In Dai Minority Garden, you will be able to enjoy unique Dai food, which has high reputation in Yunnan Province. Zhutong Fan (rice cooked in bamboo), Nanmi (喃咪), Bamboo Worms are highlights there. At night, visiting food stalls in Dai Minority Garden is a good choice. Local snacks (barbeque, New Year cake, e.g.) and tropical fruits are worth trying.
Festival and Activities
● Dai Nationality Opening the Door Festival and Closing the Door Festival.
Mid July, Mid October. Mid July, is Closing the Door Festival. Every body must go to the temple for divine blessing. Then until Opening the Door festival, couples could not hang out together, get married or go out.Mid October is Opening the Door Festival. The rainy season is over, couples could court one another and get married. There will be huge gathering at that day. It is also the harvest day.
● Water Splashing Festival
Water Splashing Festival is a traditional festival of Dai nationality. It is on the new year of Dai Calendar (in Mid June in Dai Calendar). People will water the Buddha in the temple and pour water to one another to show their sincere blessing and wash away their troubles. The grandest festival of the Dai is usually held along with activities such as dragon-boat racing, sending off skyrockets, and throwing love pouches. It is believed that everyone being splashed at will have good luck.
In Dai Park, you can enjoy the water-splashing every day. You might need to rent plastic tub and costume for water-splashing, it needs 40 RMB and 30 RMB for deposit, you can get deposit back after you return the tub and costume.
Introduction of Local Dai Culture
When entering the Dai village you will see many bamboo houses in front of your eyes. Living in the bamboo structure is the unchanged habit of Dai for over a thousand years. This construction suits the tropical rainforest climate in south Asia. The bamboo house come into two layers; the ground lever has fence, which use as the storage and a space for raising poultry.Upstairs is the place for living; every bamboo structure has a balcony, a big setting room lay with bamboo mat which is the place for eating, resting, and greeting the guests. There is a stove in the center of the room, Dai use it for cooking and heating the house. The setting room is connect with the bedroom and there are usually three to five rooms in the bamboo house.
● How to build a new house
Building new houses is their great event. Firstly they must select the location and make the base, then they must prepare pillars, when the wood for the pillar is identify, the villagers will spray water to bless it and by blowing bugler. The eight pillars must be divide into four “male pillars” and four “female pillars” and distinguish by male clothes and female clothes covered on the pillars.While the house is built, the people of the whole village will come and help. The owner will also prepare rich food and drink to entertain the villagers coming to help and the friends coming to congratulate. It is very warm and lively.
Many standing Dai Ethnic Villages show the unique culture, art, and colorful ethnic experiences. Xishuang Banna is a minority autonomous prefecture mainly resides with the Dai ethnic. There are 13 minority groups living in the prefecture, the Dai ethnic occupies most part, and the population spread over 74% of the whole autonomous. The people of Dai ethnic are united and harmonious.
The Dai are Hinayana Buddhists who first appeared 2,000 years ago in the Yangzi Valley and who were subsequently driven southwards by the Mongol invasion of the 13 th century. Countless Buddhist temples were built in the early days of the Dai state and now lie in the jungles in ruins.
The Dai live in spacious wooden houses raised on stilts, to keep themselves off the damp earth, with the pigs and chickens below. The most common Dai foods are sticky rice (khao nio in Dai) and fish. The common dress for Dai women is a straw hat or towel-wrap headdress; a tight, short blouse in a bright color; and a printed sarong with a belt of silver links. Some Dai men tattoo their bodies with animal designs, and betel-nut chewing is popular. Many Dai youngsters get their teeth capped with gold; otherwise they are considered ugly.
Recommended Visiting Route
Self-driving Tour: Gate of Dai Park-Intangible Cultural Heritage Exhibition-Mansongman Temple-Manting White Pagoda-Water Splashing Activity(14:50, 16:30)-Ecological Performance(15:20)
Xishuangbanna Primeval Forest Park, also called Xishuangbanna Virgin Forest Park, is 8 kilometers east of the Jinghong City and north of the Lancang River. Situated in a river valley of 720 to 1,355 meters above sea level, the forest park has an area of 1,700 hectares of which 98％ is covered by trees, and is thus the largest comprehensive ecological place of interest in the prefecture. The park gives prominence to the features of primeval forest, wild animals and ethnic culture and custom. It is highlighted by three major themes: primeval forest, wild animals and ethnic folklore. And you can also enjoy and play a part in the local ethnic activities such as the Dai Water Splashing Festival, Aini capture marriage custom and the grand ethnic performances.
Jinghong Wild Elephant Valley Forest Park (Chinese name: 野象谷公园) is a special theme park for Wild Asian Elephant sightseeing and observing and rainforest sightseeing. Wild Elephants Valley covers an area of 369 hectares by the Sancha River in Mengyang Town, and is situated 47 kilometers north of the city of Jinghong. With hills rolling gently at an altitude ranging between 747 and 1055 metres, the valley is covered by tropical rain forests, crisscrossed by rivers and streams, and teeming with such endangered species as Asian wild elephants, wild oxen, green peacocks and monkeys.
Manting Park, also called Chunhuan Park,（Chinese name: 春欢公园 or 曼听公园） is the oldest garden in Xishuangbanna area, which covers an area of 23,540 square meters. It used to be the imperial garden in ancient times. Its name “Chunhuan” in Dai language means “Soul”. The whole park can be divided into 8 sightseeing areas, they are National Cultural Square, Liana Zone, Tropical Orchid Garden, Peacock Garden, Lake Area and Buddhism Cultural Zone, Tree Planting Zone and Tea Garden. In the day time, people can appreciate the beauty of varied tropical plants and creatures, but at night, a different experience can let the tourists get a closer look of local customs and culture – Minority Dancing Show and Bonfire Party.
Best Time to Visit
Belonging to tropical rainforest climate, Xishuangbanna’s dry season is from November to April the next year and rainy season is from May to October. With annual average temperature of 21c, it has long summer and no winter. With cool and pleasant four seasons, the best time for traveling Xishuangbanna is from October to June the next year.
● The Water-Splashing Festival, the most important festival for the Dai People to celebrate New Year, is usually celebrated in the middle of April.
● Try to avoid Chinese public holidays, such as Labor Day (May 1st to 3rd) and National Day (October 1st to 7th). It is recommended that you start your day early so as to avoid crowds.
Useful Travel Tips
●It is better to prepare some mosquito products and sun block in case of insects and sunlight.
●Respect the local customs of Dai and other minorities.
●Do not touch the head of local monks.
●It is better to take T-shirt, short and slippers becauce it is too hot in Xishuangbanna.