Beijing-Hangzhou Grand Canal

Beijing-Hangzhou Grand Canal

Beijing-Hangzhou Grand Canal as the oldest and longest man-made canal in the world, the Beijing-Hangzhou Grand Canal is 1,794 kilometers long with a history of over 2,500 years. It begins at Beijing and ends at Hangzhou.The Beijing-Hangzhou Grand Canal links five great rivers, the Hai River, the Huai River, the Yangtze River, the Yellow River and the Qiantang River.

Why is Beijing-Hangzhou Grand Canal So Special?

First constructed at the end of Spring and Autumn Period in the 5th century B.C., Grand Canal has played an important role in the development of water, conservancy and the economic as well as cultural exchange between the northern part and the southern part. For over two thousand five hundred years, rich historical relic sights have been found along the river. Like the Great Wall, the canal is regarded as one of the two great projects of Chinese ancient time.

History of the Beijing-Hangzhou Grand Canal

The Grand Canal was constructed for water transport of grains from south and east part of China to the Capital in ancient times. The Grand Canal of Sui and Tang Dynasties and the Yuan Dynasty Grand Canal are the main body of the existing one. The Grand Canal boasts water facilities such as gates, dams, river course, water source projects, water control projects and others. As the capital was changed in Yuan Dynasty, the destination of the Grand Canal also has to change. At that time, the canal route was adjusted and the voyage was shortened.

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Edited by Winnie/张赢