Building and housing Art of Uzbek Ethnic Group

Building pattern and house arrangement or furnishings are typical of Central Asian. Their houses are mostly styles of courtyard, which can be divided into 2 types, buildings and bungalows.

A popular traditional building is called “Awa”, which is characteristic of a dome attic. Attics are built of wood boards, straw mats and adobes with glass windows, sometimes covered with sheet iron for rain. Houses gates are generally arch with arcade sometimes.

Bungalows are rectangle adobe house or cake house with slant roofs and thick walls, so they can keep cool in summer and warm in winter. In the middle of roofs open clearstory to light rooms. In the house, log beam and wood pole are decorated or depicted with all sorts of patterns. Arch habitacles are arrayed in all walls, around which are inlaid elegant pattern. Common patterns include plant lines and geometry shapes. Some are depicted with realistic and strong color; some are inlain of carved gesso, brick or wood. The skillful crafts, harmony and beauty fully display wisdom and originality of Uzbek nationality. Habitacles are used to store various utensils and ornaments. In the wall are fireplace to keep room warm in winter. Kangs (a heatable brick bed) are very large, on which spread colorful felt and sitting mat. Quilts are along walls with embroidered pillars on, a sort of decoration. Some families use kangs to keep warm, but they distinct from other nationality. A little pit is dug in the room and then a stove is put into it with chimney to outside. Wood boards cover over the pit, and pelts are laid on board. Walls are adorned with tapestries, so the whole room is nice in all and in detail; anybody in it would enjoy the beauty of art.